Yangiliklar

Jorj K. MakKenzie DD -836 - Tarix

Jorj K. MakKenzie DD -836 - Tarix

Jorj K. MakKenzie DD-836

Jorj K. MakKenzi

Jorj K. MakKenzi, 1910 yil 30 -mayda Bruklinda (Nyu -York) tug'ilgan, 1931 yilda Dengiz akademiyasini tugatgan. U suv osti kemalari maktabi va chuqur dengizda sho'ng'ish maktabini va Raleigh, Bonitada xizmat qilishdan tashqari, suv osti ofitserlari maktabining yuqori kursini tamomlagan. va Plunger va Falcon va Tritonga buyruq berish. Leytenant Komdr. MakKenzi 1943 yil 15 martda, uchta yapon esminetsi Admiralti orollari shimolidagi suvlarda Tritonni cho'ktirganda, halok bo'lgan. Qahramonlik va burchga dadil sadoqati uchun u Dengiz Xochini oldi.

(DD-836: 1620 dp; 1. 347'9 "; 36'1" b.; 17'4 "dr.).

37,6 k., Kpl. 276, a. 6 5 ", 16 40 mm, 10 20 mm., 5 21" tt.

6 dcp., 2 dk.; cl. Gears)

George K. MacKenzie (DD-536) 1943 yil 13 mayda Bath Iron Works, Bath, Meyn tomonidan ishga tushirilgan; Miss Donna Makkenzi homiyligida, qizi va 1945 yil 13 iyulda Komdr. Alvin V. Slayden qo'mondon.

Kubadan siljiganidan so'ng, Makkenzi 1945 yil 15 sentyabrda Bostonga qaytib keldi va 27 -oktabr kuni Savannada bo'lib o'tgan Harbiy -dengiz kuchlari bayramida qatnashdi. U Norfolkdagi operatsion rivojlanish kuchlarida xizmat qildi, shuningdek, mashg'ulotlar va eskort vazifalarini o'tkazdi. Atlantika dengiz qirg'og'i 1948 yil 5 yanvarda Argentinaning Buenos -Ayres shahriga yaxshi niyat bilan sayohatga chiqdi.

Makkenzi "po'lat kulrang diplomat" vazifalarini bajarganidan so'ng 9 fevralda Norfolkga qaytib keldi va 1948 yil iyun -iyul oylarida Midshipman sayohati orqali Portugaliya, Italiya, Shimoliy Afrika va Kubaga tinchlik davridagi operatsiyalarni davom ettirdi. 1948 yil oktyabr oyida qiruvchi Yaqin Sharqqa suzib ketdi, u erda Birlashgan Millatlar Tashkilotining Falastin patrulini va ittifoqchi Triestni bosib olishni qo'llab -quvvatladi va Rojdestvo uchun Nyuportga qaytdi.

1949 yil apreligacha Bostonda kapital ta'mirdan so'ng, Jorj K. MakKenzi tinchlik vaqtidagi sharqiy dengiz qirg'og'ida mashg'ulotlarni davom ettirdi va 1950 yil yanvaridan mayigacha "Med" kruizini amalga oshirdi. Uzoq Sharqdagi notinch sulh Shimoliy Koreya tajovuzi buzilganida, Jorj. K. Makkenzi Tinch okeaniga ko'chirildi. U 1950 yil 1 -iyulda Pearl -Harborga harbiy xizmatga tayyorgarlik ko'rish uchun kelgan.

1950 yil 26 -iyuldan 1951 -yil 30 -yanvargacha Koreyaga birinchi gastrol safari davomida u Shimoliy Koreya nishoniga hujum paytida hujum tashuvchilarni tekshirdi va ittifoqchi qo'shinlarning oldinga siljishini qo'llab -quvvatladi. 1951 yil 15 fevraldan 17 iyulgacha San -Diyegoda ta'mirlash davridan so'ng, u 1952 yil apreliga qadar o'sha muhim tekshiruv va yordamchi vazifalarni bajarish uchun qaytib keldi.

Jorj K. Makkenzi suv osti kemalariga qarshi tekshiruv o'tkazdi va Birlashgan Millatlar Tashkiloti kuchlarini qo'llab -quvvatlash uchun 1953 yil 16 dan 17 yanvargacha va yana 23 fevraldan 21 martgacha Vonsan bandargohiga bir nechta muhim bombardimon missiyalarini otdi. U 1953 yil 15-19 aprel kunlari Suvon-Dan yaqinidagi qo'shinlarga samarali yong'in yordamini ko'rsatdi; Los -Anjeles bilan va may oyida Koreyaning sharqiy qirg'og'i bo'ylab dushman temir yo'lining qismlarini buzib tashladi.

Kaliforniya shtatining San -Diyego va Long -Bich shaharlarida joylashgan bo'lib, u 1953 yildan 1959 yilgacha Tayvan patrullari bilan mashg'ulotlar va navbatchilikni o'z ichiga olgan holda, Uzoq Sharqda to'qqizta xizmat safarini yakunladi.

Jorj K. Makkenzining uy porti 1960 yil 15 fevralda Yaponiyaning Yokusuka shahriga o'zgartirildi, chunki u tinchlik davridagi mashg'ulotlarini davom ettirdi, Gonkong, Filippin va boshqa Uzoq Sharq portlariga, shu jumladan Yaponiyaga tashrif buyurdi. 1961 yilda Jorj K. MakKenzi Subic ko'rfazidan suzib ketdi, P.I. 23-mart, agar kerak bo'lsa, Laos inqirozi paytida joyida kuchli kuch sifatida harakat qilish uchun Janubiy Xitoy dengizidagi Midway va Lexington tashuvchilari bilan uchrashish. Yaxshiyamki, inqiroz o'tdi; va keyingi operatsiyalardan keyin Jorj K. MakKenzi Nyu -Yorkdagi yangi portiga qo'ydi. 1962 yil 11 -dekabr. U modernizatsiya qilish uchun Bruklindagi Navy Yardga kirdi va 1963 yil oktyabr oyida dengizga qaytdi. Jorj K. Makkenzi yangi uy portiga qaytishga tayyorgarlik ko'rdi. Kaliforniya shtatining Long -Bich shahrida, u 1964 yil 28 yanvarda Uzoq Sharqda xizmat muddatini uzaytirishga tayyorgarlik ko'rish uchun kelgan. U 26 may kuni G'arbiy Sohilni tark etdi va 13 iyun kuni Yaponiyaning Yokosuka shahriga yetib keldi va 2 yil davomida Sharqiy suvlarda, Yaponiya suvlarida va Vetnamdan tashqarida kommunistik tajovuzni qaytarish uchun uzluksiz xizmat qila boshladi. U samolyot tashuvchilarni skrining qilish va kommunist pozitsiyalarini qirg'oqqa otish bo'yicha ixtisoslashgan. Jangda sinovdan o'tgan esminets 1966 yil 3-avgustda Long-Bichga qaytib, kelajakdagi harakatlarga tayyorgarlik ko'rish uchun kapital ta'mirlandi. 1967 yil o'rtalarida u yana Uzoq Sharqda Janubi-Sharqiy Osiyoni qutqarish uchun kurashda yordam berdi. 29 iyul kuni u Forrestalni (CVA-59) skrining qilayotganida, tashuvchining uchish maydonchasida yong'in sodir bo'lgan. Yong'inni o'chirishga yordam berganidan so'ng, u vayron bo'lgan tekislikni Subic ko'rfaziga ta'mirlash uchun kuzatib qo'ydi.

Jorj K. MakKenzi Koreyadagi xizmati uchun olti jang yulduzi bilan taqdirlangan.


Quyidagi jadvalda USS George K. MacKenzie (DD 836) kemasida xizmat qilgan dengizchilarning ismlari keltirilgan. Shuni yodda tutingki, bu ro'yxatga faqat o'z ma'lumotlarini ushbu veb -saytida chop etish uchun yuborgan odamlarning yozuvlari kiradi. Agar siz ham bortda xizmat qilgan bo'lsangiz va siz quyida ko'rsatilgan odamlardan birini eslasangiz, tegishli dengizchiga elektron pochta xabarini yuborish uchun uning nomini bosishingiz mumkin. Sizning veb -saytingizda shunday ekipajlar ro'yxati bo'lishini xohlaysizmi?

AQSh harbiy -dengiz kuchlarining esdaliklarini qidiryapsizmi? Ship 's do'konini sinab ko'ring.

USS Jorj K. MakKenzi (DD 836) uchun 111 ekipaj a'zolari ro'yxatga olingan.

Davrni tanlang (hisobot yilidan boshlab): precomm & ndash 1963 | 1964 yil va 1971 yil ndash | 1972 yil va hozir

IsmReyting/bahoDavrBo'limIzohlar/Rasm
Kastelveter, DevidE3/SM1972 yil va 1973 yilSignal aloqasiBig Mac, dengiz flotidagi eng yaxshi la'natli kema. Tez, mobil va uy. Va qanday ajoyib portlar: Sublic Bay, Gonkong, Taypey, Singapur, Sasebo, Kaohsiung, Jakarta, Miduey oroli, Guam, Pearl -Harbor, San -Diyego, Koos ko'rfazi.
Ott, Li (Punki) OS21972 yil va 1974 yilOPSHech qachon Vetnamda "Oxirgi tozalash" operatsiyasi uchun olingan prezidentlik bo'linmasi haqida ma'lumot yo'q. USS Barbey FF 1088 bilan almashish amalga oshirildi, chunki mening xotinim kapitanlarning ruxsati bilan birinchi farzandimizni tug'ishi kerak edi.
Skalf, Sem va quotsquirrel & quotMMFN1972 yil 5 -yanvar va 1974 yil 20 -yanvarMEng buyuk muhandislar jamoasi!
Shou, TommyRM21972 yil aprel va 1976 yil sentyabrokbu qalay idishda vaqtimni o'tkazdim. ko'plab do'stlar orttirdi. har doim BIG MAC1ni eslab qoladi
Hamn, RonaldFTG31972 yil 5 -iyul va 1976 yil oktyabrqurol
Lambert, PolMidn 3/c1972 yil 1 -avgust va 1972 yil 15 -sentabrMIDTRAMening midshipman 3/c Mac -da kruiz qildimi? Xaltalar men eng ko'p ishlagan GMG2 edi. Helluva dengizchisi. Kemani Coos ko'rfaziga olib borish kerak.
Bellavans, EdvardFA1972 yil sentyabr va 1973 yil noyabrmmorqa dvigatel xonasida xizmat qilgan
Shou, Tomasrm21972 yil sentyabr va 1976 yil sentyabrok
Adams, EndiEns1972 yil sentyabr va 1975 yil sentyabrMPA
Jonston, ArmandICFN1972 yil 10 oktyabr va nashash 1974 yil 17 mayR DivMen bir nechta kema do'stlarini topishga qiziqaman, ulardan biri Memfisdan Tereza Jonson. Tereza 1974 yilda San -Diyegodagi NTC maktabida o'qigan
Kelli, PatYN31972 yil 14 noyabr va nashash, 30 iyul, 1975 yil Men butun dengiz flotida ishladim. Dunyoni ko'p ko'rdim.
Pliley, JimIC/FA1973 yil va 1973 yilR bo'linishiKO'PROQ
Boyd, Raymondsm31973 yil va 1976 yilaloqaXorijdagi hamma joylar haqida o'ylab, bizning ekipajimiz ham Filippinga ketdi Filippin Guam Hongkong Singapur Mombasa Keniya Seylon Shri -Lanka Taypey Tayvan ekipaji bilan dengizga chiqishni sog'indim.
Frits, GariGMG2/GMG11973 yil mart va 1974 yil mayqurol
Ramos, Roberto SM31973 yil oktyabr va 1975 yil dekabrOKMening gilosimni Big Mac -da SMSA sifatida sindirdim. Men ' har doim qalay dengizchi bo'laman. Men o'sha paytda kamdan -kam uchraydigan port qo'ng'iroqlari orasida Mombasa, Afrika Shri -Lanka, Hindiston va Eronda Hind okeaniga boradigan kruizni eslayman.
Kofild, EdvardEM31974 yil va 1976 yilR
Fleming, Rendikasalxona korpusi va#039A va#039 maktabini kutayotgan dengizchi1974 yil 18 aprel va ndashta'minot Meni kasalxonada ishlashga tayinlashdi, men maxsus so'rovnomani kiritganimdan so'ng, ta'minot zobiti Ensign Lancasterdan tortib Cdr Buck qo'mondonigacha. Menga HMC Viktor V. Ernandesda ishlash tayinlandi.
Mrvich, StivE-31974 yil 10 may va ndash 25 mart, 1975 yilelektr
Koglan, JonMM31974 yil 22 -iyun va 1976 yil 30 -sentabrMuhandislik
Rotunda, MarchelloBM31974 yil 6 -dekabr va 1976 -yil 26 -oktabrDECK DIV
Xamfrey, Chip (Alfred Teylor>BTFN1975 yil 12 -mart va 1976 yil 30 -sentabrB DivMen Bootcamp sifatida bortga keldim va EM hujumchisi sifatida ishlay boshladim, lekin tez orada o'zimni pazandachilik bilan, keyin esa BT sifatida o't o'chirish xonasida topdim. Mening janubiy aksentim va munosabatim, ehtimol meni u erga qo'ydi. Men bilan bog'laning.
Izzo, Entonien31975 yil 5 may va 1976 yil 22 oktyabrRKema ishdan chiqqandan keyin hayol ko'rishguncha :-) LOL

Davrni tanlang (hisobot yilidan boshlab): oldindan yozilish va ndash 1963 | 1964 yil va 1971 yil ndash | 1972 yil va hozir


Jorj K. MakKenzie DD -836 - Tarix

Kalay qutilari dengizchilari
Destroyer tarixi

USS JORJ K. MAKKENZI
(DD-836)

Jorj K.Makkenzi 1910 yil 30 -mayda Bruklinda (Nyu -York) tug'ilgan, Dengiz akademiyasiga kirgunga qadar mahalliy maktablarda o'qigan. 1931-yil bitiruvini tugatgandan so'ng, MakKenzi USS RALEIGH (CL-7) xizmatida va Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlari Harbiy-dengiz kuchlari Olimpiya trekida qatnashganidan keyin & quotsilent xizmatiga tayinlandi.

Nyu-Yorkdagi Konnektikut shtatining suv osti kemalari maktabida chuqur sho'ng'in va suv osti kemalarini qutqarish texnikasini o'rgatgan mashg'ulotlardan so'ng, MacKenzie USS BONITA (SS-165) va USS PLUNGER (SS-179) bortida xizmat qildi. USK FALCON qo'mondoni sifatida MakKenzi 1939 yil yozida sho'ng'in paytida cho'kib ketgan, yomon ahvolda qolgan USS SQUALUS (SS-192) ni ko'tarishga katta hissa qo'shdi.

Yuqori malakali suv osti kemasi qo'mondoni MakKenzi Ikkinchi jahon urushi boshida qo'mondonlik maqomiga erishdi. U USS TRITON komandasini oldi

(SS-201), TAMBOR sinfidagi suv osti kemasi. 1943 yil 15 martda TRITON Shortland havzasi va Rabaul o'rtasida ikkita karvonni ta'qib qilgani haqida xabar berdi. USS TRIGGER (SS-237) hududida ishlaydigan yana bir bo'linma, Yaponiya esminetslari masofadan turib suv osti kemasini zaryad qilayotganini eshitdi. TRITON boshqa hech qachon eshitilmadi. Makkenzi favqulodda qahramonligi va USS TRITON qo'mondoni lavozimiga mardonavor sadoqati uchun "Harbiy -dengiz kuchlari" ordeni bilan taqdirlangan. . . & quot

USS GEORGE K. MACKENZIE (DD-836) 1945 yil 13-mayda Meyn shtatidagi Bath Iron Works tomonidan ishga tushirilgan va ikki oydan keyin ishga tushirilgan. Leytenant qo'mondon MakKenzining qizi Donna kemaga homiylik qildi.

DD-836-bu GEARING klassli qiruvchi, ular muvaffaqiyat qozongan o'n to'rt futli ALLEN SUMNER va#8217-larda eng zamonaviy 105 ta super qirg'inchilarning takomillashtirilgan sinflaridan biri edi. Garchi hammasi tugallanmagan bo'lsa -da, GEARING class & quotcans & quot 1970 -yillarning oxirigacha AQSh qiruvchi kuchlarining asosiy tayanchini tashkil qilishi kerak edi.

Ishga tushirilgandan so'ng, USS GEORGE K. MACKENZIE 391 𔃺 & quot uzunligida, 40 󈧎 & quot nurlari va 23 ’ loyihasi bilan edi. Uning mo'ljallangan siljishi 3,160 tonnani tashkil etdi, lekin uning ishga tushirilishidagi standart almashinuvi, 2,450 tonna, Birinchi Jahon urushi kreyserlariga qaraganda og'irroq va og'ir vaznini ko'proq ifodalagan. Uning hujumkor olov kuchi 6-5 va 38 kaloriyani o'z ichiga olgan. & quot; Naval miltiqlari & quot; uchta egizak tokchasida. Zenitlardan himoya qilish 16 mm 40 mm, uchta "ququad" va ikkita egizak, ikkita egizak 20 mm qurol bilan ta'minlangan. U haligacha egizaklari orasida 5 - 21 va torpedo naychalarini bitta tog'da olib yurgan. Oltita & quotK & quot qurollari va ikkita chuqurlikdagi zaryad va tirgaklar uning suv osti kemalariga qarshi qobiliyatini yaratdi.

MAC Kubada kruiz safarini tugatgandan so'ng, Ikkinchi Jahon urushi tugadi, shuning uchun u singillarining ko'pchiligi singari "bayroqni ko'rsatish" bilan bir qator mashg'ulotlar o'tkazdi. Oktyabr kuchlari, u erda 1948 yilgacha mashg'ulotlar o'tkazdi. O'sha yilning yanvar oyida DD-836 Janubiy Amerikaga "yaxshi niyatli gastrol" ga jo'nab ketdi va ko'p vaqtini Argentinaning Buenos-Ayres shahrida o'tkazdi.

Norfolkga qaytib, MAC o'qituvchi va Sovuq urush diplomati sifatida o'z faoliyatini davom ettirdi. Erta bahorda Norfolkdan tez -tez uchraydigan, qisqa muddatli kruizlar iyun oyida Portugaliya, Italiya, Shimoliy Afrika va Kubaga Midshipman kruizlari bilan almashtirildi. Oktyabr oyiga kelib, u O'rta er dengiziga qaytib keldi, bu safar Birlashgan Millatlar Tashkilotining Falastin patrulini qo'llab -quvvatladi va Triestni egallab olgan ittifoqchi kuchlarni tekshirdi. MAC AQShga Rojdestvo vaqtida qaytdi, bu safar Nyu -Yorkda (RI) nishonlanadi. DD-836 va#8217 ekipajlari Fall daryosi, MA bilan tanishishdi, bu vaqt ichida Nyuport dengiz kuchlari kolleji oldida suzish paytida, "bandargoh porti" sifatida, ekipajning aksariyati Spindle Siti sahnasining o'zgarishini yoqtirganday tuyuldi. ta'minlangan.

Bostondagi kapital ta'mirdan so'ng, kirpi proyektorlari ko'prikdan biroz oldinga 01 darajasiga qo'shilganda, DD-836 o'z xizmatini Sharqiy sohilda o'quv kemasi sifatida davom ettirdi, 1950 yil qishda ikkinchi Med kruizini.

1950 yil bahorida Shimoliy Koreya qo'shinlari chegaradan janubga o'tib, Qo'shma Shtatlarni urushdan keyingi dunyoga xos bo'lgan "politsiya harakati" ga olib keldi. 1950 yil 1 -iyulgacha MAC Koreya suvlarida xizmatga tayyorgarlik ko'rish uchun Pearl -Harborga ko'chirildi.

Vayronkorlar har doim ko'p maqsadli kemalar bo'lgan va GEORGE K. MACKENZIE Koreyada bu an'anaga sodiqligini isbotlagan. Birinchi safarida DD-836 va#8217-larning vazifalari o't o'chirish vazifalari va skrining va o'z vazifa guruhining tezkor hujumchilari uchun samolyot qo'riqlash vazifalari o'rtasida almashdi. San -Diyegoda qisqa vaqt ta'mirdan so'ng, u yana maydonga qaytdi.

Yana bir bor, MAC o'z vazifasini "yaxshi qurolli samariylik" kombinatsiyasi vazifasini bajarishga topshirdi. "Vonsan yaqinidagi" bombardimon chizig'ida "MAC bir oydan kamroq vaqt ichida CIC punktlarining sobiq boshlig'i Kliff Boyd kabi 3,533 besh dyuymli raketalarni o'qqa tutdi. "O'rtacha har o'n daqiqada bitta" Amerika harbiy tarixidagi eng uzun dengiz bombardimonining bir qismi sifatida. Shunga qaramay, MACning o'sha ekipaji Shimoliy Koreyadagi etim bolalarga olti yuz funtlik kiyim -kechak ham qo'shdi. Birlashgan Millatlar Tashkilotining o'n to'qqiz uchuvchisi ham o'z hayotlarini & quot; qudratli MAC ’S & quot ekipajining mahoratiga qarzdor bo'lishgan.

USS GEORGE K. MACKENZIE o'n uchuvchini qutqarish uchun vertolyotlarni muvaffaqiyatli boshqarishi uchun mas'ul bo'lgan, boshqa yetti nafar havo kemasini favqulodda vaziyatlarga yuborgan. Bir uchuvchini USS GREGORY (DD-802) MAC ko'rsatmasidan so'ng, USS ESSEX (CV-9) tashuvchisi leytenanti Jozef Pendergastni DD-836 o'zi olib ketdi. Koreya urushining tugashi DD-836 operatsiyalari yopilishini bildirmadi. MAC 1953-1959 yillar davomida Uzoq Sharqda to'qqizta xizmat safarini yakunladi. Kruizlarga tayyorgarlik safarlari va Tayvan patrullari safari kiradi.

1960 yilga kelib, Yaponiyaning Yokusuka shahrida tashilgan MAC Janubi-Sharqiy Osiyo va kuch siyosatida rol o'ynadi, tashuvchi ishchi guruhi uchun ekran bo'lib xizmat qiladi va Laos yaqinidagi suvlarda bayroqni ko'rsatadi. O'sha paytda bosim ishladi va 1963 yilda DD-836 Dengiz kuchlari tomonidan amalga oshirilgan eng katta rekonstruksiya dasturining bir qismi sifatida 1-toifali FRAMni qayta qurish uchun uyga aylantirildi.

Ikkinchi Jahon urushi paytida qurilgan FLETCHER, ALLEN SUMNER va GEARING klassli esminetslarning katta floti ta'mirlash va modernizatsiyaga juda muhtoj edi. Moliyaviy cheklovlar yangi parkni qurishni imkonsiz qildi, shuning uchun tanlangan korpuslar keng ko'lamda o'zgartirildi.

MAC ’s & quotqupper asarlari & quot; Bruklin Navy Yardida olib tashlandi va engilroq materiallar yordamida turli yo'nalishlarda qayta qurildi. Besh dyuymli minorasi va barcha ikkilamchi zenit qurollari yo'qoldi va "an'anaviy" torpedo naychalari ASROC bilan almashtirildi, suv osti kemalariga qarshi raketadan uchirilgan torpedo va 01 darajasiga ikkita uch va yuqori texnologiyali torpedo naychalari, qayta qurilgan ko'prik oldiga qo'shildi. Birinchi jahon urushidan beri esminetslar olib yurgan & quotK & quot qurollari, kirpi batareyalari va & quot; tortish qutilari & quot; yo'qoldi. Katta osma va ko'tarilgan platforma kema beliga ustunlik qilib, MAC ’s DASH vertolyoti uchun imkoniyatlar yaratdi.

DASH yangi, tezroq va sokinroq Sovet suv osti kemalari tomonidan berilgan tahdidga javob bo'lishi kerak edi. Kichkina masofadan boshqariladigan vertolyot ikkita torpedani yoki yadroviy chuqurlikdagi zaryadni MAC va boshqa an'anaviy qurollar doirasidan ancha yuqori ko'tarishi mumkin edi, bu esa 1960 va 1960 yillardagi ishchilar guruhining zaif tashuvchilari atrofida xavfsizlik ekranini kengaytirdi. Afsuski, DASH ishonchsiz bo'lib chiqdi. Uch yil ichida keng ko'lamli flot joylashtirildi, DASH ’ ning yarmidan ko'pi ishlamay qoldi. MAC-ning osma va qo'nish maydonchalari odamlarga xizmat ko'rsatish uchun etarlicha katta ham, mustahkam ham emas edi, shuning uchun DD-836 to'satdan yaxshi kinoteatrga ega bo'ldi. GEORGE K. MAKKENZIE va uning ekipaji yangi texnologiyalarni boshqarishda mohir bo'lgan paytda, & quot; Qudratli MAC & quot; boshqa urushga rejalashtirilgan edi.

Keyingi bir necha yil davomida DD-836 Yaponiya suvlari bilan yangi & quot; bombali chiziq 'o'rtasida almashinib turdi, tashuvchilarni skrining qilib, o'z kuchini boshqa jangga qo'shdi, bu safar Vetnamda. Yana bir bor, GEORGE K. MAKKENZI ’ ning besh dyuymli qurollari Janubi-Sharqiy Osiyo sohillarida qo'shin va dengiz harakatlarini qo'llab-quvvatladi. U, shuningdek, halokatga uchragan uchuvchilarni qutqarishda va USS FORRESTAL (CVA-59) samolyot kemasidagi keng yong'in bilan kurashda yordam bergan. FORRESTALni Subic ko'rfaziga ta'mirlash uchun qaytarish uning Uzoq Sharqdagi oxirgi vazifalaridan biri edi.

Ko'pchilik singari, DD-836 ham Vetnam urushidan keyin Dengiz zaxirasini tayyorlash flotiga tushirildi. Ko'p GEARINGS xorijiy dengiz flotlari bilan xizmat qilib, Turkiya, Pokiston, Portugaliya va boshqa amerikalik do'stlarga bordi. & Quot; FRAMing muvaffaqiyatga erishdi, ularning foydali xizmati qariyb qirq yilgacha uzaytirildi, bu ajoyib uzoq umr. Jorj K. MACKENZIE uchun, xizmat bo'lmasligi kerak edi. Keng ko'lamli tekshiruvdan so'ng, Kemalar byurosi MAC -ni "eskirgan" deb qaror qildi, 1976 yil 1 -oktabrda "qudratli MAC" faol xizmatlar ro'yxatidan o'chirildi va uning hayotini AQSh flotining raketalari, bombalari va qurollari nishoniga aylantirdi.

USS GEORGE K. MACKENZIE o'ttiz bir yildan ko'proq vaqt davomida o'z vataniga jasorat bilan xizmat qildi, bu kema va uning fidoyi ekipajiga hurmat.

Kimdan Kalay dengizchi, 1990 yil yanvar


Mualliflik huquqi 2001 Tin Can dengizchilari.
Barcha huquqlar himoyalangan.
Maqolani yozma ruxsatisiz hech qanday shaklda takrorlash mumkin emas
Kalay qutilari dengizchilari.


836

Bu bo'limda kema hayoti davomida olgan nomlari va belgilari ko'rsatilgan. Ro'yxat xronologik tartibda joylashtirilgan.

    Gears sinfi halokatchi
    Keel Laid 1944 yil 21 -dekabr - 1945 yil 13 -mayda ishga tushirilgan

Dengiz qoplamalari

Bu bo'limda kema bilan bog'liq muqovalarni ko'rsatadigan sahifalarga faol havolalar keltirilgan. Har bir kema mujassamligi uchun alohida sahifalar to'plami bo'lishi kerak (ya'ni "Kema nomi va belgilash tarixi" bo'limidagi har bir yozuv uchun). Muqovalar xronologik tartibda taqdim etilishi kerak (yoki aniqlanishi mumkin).

Kema ko'p qopqoqli bo'lishi mumkinligi sababli, ular ko'p sahifalarga bo'linishi mumkin, shuning uchun sahifalarni yuklash abadiy davom etmaydi. Har bir sahifa havolasiga o'sha sahifadagi muqovalar uchun sana diapazoni ilova qilinishi kerak.

Pochta markalari

Bu bo'limda kema foydalanadigan pochta markalari misollari keltirilgan. Kema har bir mujassamligi uchun alohida pochta markalari to'plami bo'lishi kerak (ya'ni, "Kema nomi va belgilash tarixi" bo'limidagi har bir yozuv uchun). Har bir to'plamda pochta markalari tasnif turiga qarab ro'yxatga olinishi kerak. Agar bir nechta pochta markalari bir xil tasnifga ega bo'lsa, ular keyinchalik ma'lum bo'lgan foydalanish sanasi bo'yicha saralanishi kerak.

Agar pochta markasini ko'rsatadigan va/yoki muqovasining tasviri yaqin bo'lmasa, pochta markasini qo'shmaslik kerak. Sana diapazonlari faqat muzey qopqog'iga asoslangan bo'lishi kerak va ko'proq muqovalar qo'shilganda o'zgarishi kutilmoqda.
 
& gt & gt & gt Agar sizda pochta markalari uchun yaxshiroq misol bo'lsa, iltimos, mavjud misolni almashtiring.


Tarkibi

Jorj K. MakKenzi 1910 yil 30 -mayda Bruklinda (Nyu -York) tug'ilgan. 1931 yilda Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlari Harbiy -dengiz akademiyasini tamomlagan. USS xizmatida Rali, USS Bonita va USS Piston va USS -ni boshqarish Falcon va USS Triton. Leytenant qo'mondon MakKenzi 1943 yil 15 martda Yaponiya harbiy -dengiz flotining uchta esminetsi cho'kib ketganda halok bo'ldi. Triton Admiralti orollarining shimolidagi suvlarda. U vafotidan keyin Dengiz Xoch ordeni bilan taqdirlandi.

Jorj K. MakKenzi 1945 yil 13 -mayda Miss Donna MakKenzining homiyligidagi Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine tomonidan ishga tushirilgan, qizi va 1945 yil 13 -iyulda qo'mondon Alvin V. Slayden qo'mondon.

1945–1950 tahrir

Kubadan qulaganidan keyin, Makkenzi 1945 yil 15 sentyabrda Massachusets shtatining Boston shahriga qaytib keldi va keyinchalik 27 oktyabr kuni Jorjiya shtatining Savannax shahrida o'tkazilgan Harbiy -dengiz kuchlari bayramida qatnashdi, u o'zining porti Virjiniya shtatining Norfolk shahrida operatsion rivojlanish kuchlarida xizmat qildi va Atlantika okeani bo'ylab mashqlar va eskort vazifalarini o'tkazdi. dengiz qirg'og'i 1948 yil 5 yanvarda Argentinaning Buenos -Ayres shahriga yaxshi niyat bilan sayohatga chiqguncha.

Makkenzi u "po'lat kulrang diplomat" vazifasini bajarganidan keyin 9 fevralda Norfolkga qaytib keldi va 1948 yil iyun -iyul oylarida Midshipman sayohati orqali Portugaliya, Italiya, Shimoliy Afrika va Kubaga tinchlik davridagi operatsiyalarni davom ettirdi. 1948 yil oktyabr oyida qiruvchi Yaqin Sharqqa suzib ketdi, u erda Birlashgan Millatlar Tashkilotining Falastin patrulini va ittifoqchi Triest ishg'olini qo'llab -quvvatladi va Rojdestvo uchun Rod -Aylendning Nyuport shahriga qaytdi.

1949 yil aprelgacha Bostondagi kapital ta'mirdan so'ng, Jorj K. MakKenzi Sharqiy dengiz qirg'og'ida tinchlik mashg'ulotlarini davom ettirdi va 1950 yil yanvaridan mayigacha "Med" kruizini amalga oshirdi. Shimoliy Koreya bosqini tufayli Uzoq Sharqdagi notinch sulh buzildi. Makkenzi Tinch okeaniga ko'chirildi. U 1950 yil 1 iyulda Pearl -Harborga harbiy xizmatga tayyorgarlik ko'rish uchun kelgan.

Koreya urushi, 1950-1953 tahrir

1950 yil 26 -iyuldan 1951 -yil 30 -yanvargacha Koreyaga birinchi gastrol safarida u Shimoliy Koreya nishonlariga zarba berishda hujum tashuvchilarni tekshirib ko'rdi va ittifoqchi qo'shinlarning oldinga siljishini qo'llab -quvvatladi. Kaliforniyaning San -Diyegodagi ta'mirlash davridan so'ng, 1951 yil 15 -fevraldan 17 -iyulgacha Kaliforniyada 1952 -yil apreligacha o'sha muhim tekshiruv va yordamchi vazifalarni bajarish uchun qaytdi.

Jorj K. MakKenzi u suv osti kemalariga qarshi skrining o'tkazdi va Birlashgan Millatlar Tashkiloti kuchlarini qo'llab -quvvatlash uchun Vonsan -Harborda 16-17 yanvar va 1953 yil 23 fevraldan 21 martgacha bir qancha muhim bombardimon missiyalarini o'tkazdi. U 1953 yil 15-19 aprel kunlari USS bilan birgalikda Suvon Dan yaqinidagi qo'shinlarga samarali yong'in yordamini ko'rsatdi. Los Anjeles va may oyida Koreyaning sharqiy sohillari bo'ylab dushman temir yo'lining uchastkalarini buzib tashladi.

1953-1959 tahrir

Kaliforniya shtatining San -Diyego va Long -Bich shaharlarida joylashgan bo'lib, u 1953 yildan 1959 yilgacha Tayvan patrullari bilan mashg'ulotlar va navbatchilikni o'z ichiga olgan holda, Uzoq Sharqda to'qqizta xizmat safarini yakunladi.

1960–1967 tahrir

Jorj K. MakKenziUy porti Yokosuka (Yaponiya) ga o'zgartirildi. 1960 va 1961 yillardagi turli davrlarda, Yaponiyaning Yokosuka shahrida uy -joy bo'lmaganida, Mac tez -tez Tayvan bo'g'ozlarida patrullik uchun yuboriladi, kamdan -kam hollarda bo'g'ozlar bug'lanmaydi, Tayvan armiyasi Kommunistik materik bilan to'p tashlagan. Kommunistik portlarga yo'l oldi va qurol -yarog 'uchun kemada tekshiruv o'tkazdi, bu dushmanga to'sqinlik qildi. (tahrir qiling). 1960 yil 15 -fevralda u Gonkong, Filippin va Uzoq Sharqning boshqa portlariga, shu jumladan Yaponiyaga tashrif buyurdi. 1961 yilda Makkenzi tashuvchilar bilan uchrashish uchun 23 mart kuni Subic ko'rfazidan PIga jo'nab ketdi Midway (CV-41) va Leksington (CV-16), agar kerak bo'lsa, Laos inqirozi paytida joyida kuchli kuch sifatida harakat qilish uchun Janubiy Xitoy dengizida. Yaxshiyamki, inqiroz o'tdi va keyingi operatsiyalardan keyin Jorj K. MakKenzi 1962 yil 11 -dekabrda Nyu -York portiga qo'ydi. U modernizatsiya qilish uchun Bruklin Navy Yardiga kirib, 1963 yil oktyabr oyida dengizga qaytdi. Makkenzi keyin Kaliforniya shtatining Long -Bich shahridagi yangi portiga qaytishga tayyorgarlik ko'rdi, u erda 1964 yil 28 yanvarda Uzoq Sharqda uzoq muddatli xizmatga tayyorgarlik ko'rish uchun keldi. U 26 may kuni G'arbiy Sohilni tark etib, 13 iyun kuni Yaponiyaning Yokosuka shahriga etib keldi va Sharqiy suvlarda ikki yillik uzluksiz xizmatni boshladi, Yaponiya suvlarida va Vetnamdan tashqarida kommunistik tajovuzni qaytarish uchun kurashdi. U samolyot tashuvchilarni skrining qilish va kommunistlarning qirg'oqlarini o'qqa tutish bo'yicha ixtisoslashgan. Jangda sinovdan o'tgan esminets 1966 yil 3-avgustda Long-Bichga qaytib kelgusidagi harakatlarga tayyorgarlik ko'rish uchun qaytdi. 1967 yil o'rtalarida u yana Uzoq Sharqda Janubi-Sharqiy Osiyoni qutqarish uchun kurashda yordam berdi. 29 iyul kuni u skriningdan o'tdi Forrestal (CVA-59) tashuvchining uchish maydonchasida yong'in sodir bo'lganda. Yong'inni o'chirishga yordam berganidan so'ng, u vayron bo'lgan tekislikni Subic ko'rfaziga ta'mirlash uchun kuzatib qo'ydi.

1968-1970 yillar

Jorj K. MakKenzi 1968 yil iyul oyida "Destroyer Squadron Three" bilan Long -Bichdan Yaponiyaning Yokosuka shahriga uy portini o'zgartirdi. Keyingi ikki yil asosan Vetnam suvlarida, Yanki stantsiyasida va Janubiy Vetnamdagi kuchlarga Shimoliy Koreya yaqinidagi Yapon dengizida qurol -yarog'dan o'q uzishda yordam berdi. Portga Subic ko'rfazi, Kaohsiung va Keelung, Tayvan, Gonkong va Bangkok kiradi. CAPT Sherwin J. Sleeper, 1969 yil may oyida CDR Jeyms A. Allen qo'mondoni lavozimidan ozod qilindi. 1970 yil iyulda butun eskadra vatan bayrog'i bilan San-Diyegoga qaytdi, uni gubernator Reygan, senator Merfi kutib oldi. , COMCRUDESPAC guruhi va bir necha yuz oila a'zolari va yaxshi niyatli odamlar. Bu davrda kema dengiz floti bo'linmasining maqtoviga sazovor bo'ldi. Qisqa tanaffusdan so'ng, kema besh oylik kapital ta'mirlash uchun Long-Bich dengiz kemasozlik zavodiga ko'chib o'tdi.

1971–1976 tahrir

Jorj K. MakKenzi 1971 yilda Vetnamga yana flot mudofaasi va boshqa kemalar, shu jumladan kreyser bilan qirg'oqlarni bombardimon qilish vazifasi yuklandi. Oklahoma shahri (CLG-5) USS Newport News> 1972 yil bahorida u Shimoliy Vetnamda qirg'oqlarni bombardimon qilgan "Ozodlik poezdi" operatsiyasida va Linebacker 1 va Linebacker 2 operatsiyalarida qatnashgan. 16,549 dona 5 dyuymli/38 ta o'q-dorilar. U 1972 yil avgustda San-Diyegoga uyiga qaytdi, rejalashtirilganidan uch oy keyin. U bu safargi harbiy dengiz flotining ikkinchi maqtovini oldi. Qisqa muddat o'tgach, u yana o'tkazishga saylandi. Uchinchi va birinchi darajali 20 nafar o'rta malakali o'qituvchi kruizini boshladi. Makkenzi uchun samolyot qo'riqchisi vazifasini bajarishni buyurdi Ranger (CV-61), tez orada Vetnamga qaytadi. Jorj K. MakKenzi Hali ham portda bo'lgan tashuvchi bilan uchrashuvni kutish uchun dengizga qo'ying. Biroq, Ranger hech qachon sabotaj tufayli №3 asosiy dvigatel reduktorining shikastlanishi tufayli suzmagan. O'rta askarlar uchun dengizda va ekipaj uchun R & ampR uchun vaqt ajratish uchun, Makkenzi har yili lososlar festivali uchun Oregon shtatining Koz ko'rfaziga suzib borishga ruxsat berildi, keyin u Janubiy Vetnam kuchlariga NGFS etkazib berish uchun yana Vetnamga jo'natildi va urush yil oxirida tugaganini ko'rdi.

Jorj K. MakKenzi 1976 yil 30 sentyabrda ishdan bo'shatildi va 1976 yil 1 oktyabrda Dengiz kemalari reestridan o'chirildi. U 1976 yil 15 oktyabrda Kaliforniya yaqinida nishonga olindi. [ iqtibos kerak ]

Jorj K. MakKenzi Koreyadagi xizmati uchun olti jang yulduzi bilan taqdirlangan.


USS Jorj K. Makkenzining yana bir hikoyasi

USS Jorj K. Makkenzining yana bir hikoyasi

1972 yil 17 aprel. 44 yil o'tdi. Ajoyib. Vetnam urushida eslagan kunlarim ko'p. Men buni har yili eslashga harakat qilaman. Bu jangning eng qizg'in kuni emas edi, lekin hayajon va mag'lubiyat bilan diqqatga sazovor edi.

Biz bir paytlar yosh va dengizchilar edik. Men 1971-1972 yillardagi WESTPAC tarqatilishidan 25 yoshli USS Jorj K. Makkenzi (DD-836) bortida 25 yoshli operatsiyalar bo'yicha xodimi va umumiy choraklar (GQ) xodimi sifatida qaytishim kerak edi.

17-kuni yonilg'i quyishdan so'ng biz USS Buchanan (DDG-14), USS Benjamin Stoddert (DDG-22), USS Hamner (DD-718) va bizdan tashkil topgan Vazifalar birligiga (77.1.2) qo'shildik. Biz DMZdan 175 mil shimolda joylashgan Vinx shahri yaqinida o'q otish operatsiyalarini o'tkazardik. Vinh aerodromi, yonilg'i saqlash joylari va harbiy inshootlari, shu jumladan port hududidagi PT qayiq bazasi tufayli ustuvor maqsad edi. Bundan tashqari, qirg'oq artilleriyasi bo'lgan Xon Mat, Xon Nieu (Ngu) va Xon Me kabi uchta dengiz orollari bor edi.

Bu orollarning janubi -g'arbiy qismida Xon Mat g'orlarda yashirilgan uzoq masofali artilleriya borligiga gumon qilingan.

Biz Vinxda yugurishni GQda, peshin atrofida, shimoldan Lam Song daryosi og'zining qirg'og'igacha bo'lgan yo'nalishda, o'q otishni boshlashimiz kerak edi, keyin esa dengiz qirg'og'iga qaytdik. Makkenzi Ozodlik poyezdi kemalarining eng shimolida edi.

1255 yilda biz Xon Me orolida taxminan 5 mil uzoqlikda joylashgan bosh panjaramizdan ochildik, u erdan biz og'ir pulemyot yoki 20 millimetrli o'qni oldik. Taxminan 5 daqiqadan so'ng biz orolda ikkinchi darajali portlashlarni qayd etib o't o'chirishni to'xtatdik. Endi bizning o'q otish kursimizga o'girilib, bizning vazifamiz shimol tomonidagi ustunni qirg'oqdan boshlangan akkumulyator batareyasining olovidan himoya qilish edi. Biz hisoblagich batareyasini ishga tushirdik, Buchanan va Stoddert asosiy nishonga - PT qayiq bazasiga to'g'ridan -to'g'ri o'q uzishda davom etdilar, ularning masofasi 5 dyuym 54 miltiqcha (biznikidan taxminan 6000 yard katta). Kuchli dushman olovi bizning tashkilotimiz atrofida qayd etilgan, ammo barcha kemalar o'z vazifalarini bajarishda davom etishgan.

Biz nishonga yaqin joyda ikkinchi darajali portlashlarni qayd qildik, ular neft saqlash joyidan bo'lishi mumkin edi. Darhol qarovchilar va men 11000 yard masofada joylashgan ikkita PT qayig'ini kuzatdik, bu bizning eng samarali qurol. Men bu qayiqlarni Sovet uslubidagi Shimoliy Vetnam loyihasi 183 (P-6) qayiqlari deb aniqladim. Qayiqlar oldinga va orqaga (bir milga yaqin masofada) 25 mm ikkita egizak qurol va torpedo quvurlari porti va sancak taxtasi bilan jihozlangan. Ikkinchisi eng katta tahdid edi. Torpedalar maksimal masofasi taxminan 6 mil (6000 yard) bo'lganligi haqida e'lon qilindi. Samarali bo'lish uchun ularni ancha yaqinroq ishga tushirish kerak edi.

Bu shuni anglatadiki, qayiqlar bizning radar boshqariladigan qurollarimiz ostida bo'ladi. Eng yaxshi burchakka ega bo'lgan eng yaqin kema bo'lganimizdan, biz nishonlarni ikkita o'qi bilan hisoblagich akkumulyatoridan qirg'oqqa, 45 ta tugun tezligida kuzatiladigan kiruvchi qayiqlarga olib keldik. Biz o'q otish tezligimizni 17 tugun bilan ushlab turdik. Shu sababli, PT qayiqlari tez yopildi.

Kapitanning ko'rsatmasiga binoan, men 51 -chi tog'ni qayiqqa ko'tarish uchun Makenzini biroz qirg'oqqa burib yubordim. Endi biz ularga ikkita o'rniga 5 dyuymli to'rtta qurol bilan o'q uzishimiz mumkin edi. Kema ko'prigidagi bochkalarim o'z pozitsiyamga qaraganida, men pastga qaradim va Mt 51 tog'ining kapitani Boatswain Mate birinchi darajali Saladani ko'rdim, boshi tepasida lyukdan chiqib ketgan edi, u menga qaradi, jilmayib dedi: bosh barmog'ini yuqoriga ko'tarib, PT qayiqlarida olov boshlandi.

52 -tog'da, kapitan sifatida Stenli "Bags" Bagget, 2 -darajali qurolli sherigi edi. Sten qayiqlarda allaqachon ochilgan edi. Sten bilan men ko'p yillar davomida bu kelishuv haqida gaplashdik. Biz shu kungacha do'stmiz. U eng yaxshi o'q otish pozitsiyasida edi va menga aytdi: Salada mendan olgan qo'shimcha burchagini yaxshi ko'rar edi, shuning uchun u o'z tayog'ini PT qayiqlariga ko'tarishi mumkin edi. Keyingi bir necha daqiqada biz 5 dyuymli o'q-dorilarni qayiqlarga to'kib tashladik. Biz po'latdan yasalgan devor qurdik, bortdagi xodimlarni o'ldirish va/yoki qayiqlarni cho'ktirish uchun.

Tez orada qo'rg'oshin qayig'i portlashda ko'tarildi va ikkinchi qayiq qirg'oqqa burildi. Bu vaqtga kelib, asosiy o'q otish missiyasi tugadi, ishchi guruh komandiri burilishni buyurdi va biz qirg'oqdan 34 tugun tezligida poyga qilayotgan edik, biz qattiq qirg'oqdan va offshor orollardan keladigan yong'inlarni olayotganimizda g'azab bilan to'qiganmiz. . Biz orqaga qaytganimizda ikkinchi qayiqqa o'q uzishda davom etdik. Ammo biz o'ldirishni tasdiqlay olmadik, chunki biz diqqatimizni boshqa sohil artilleriya joylariga qaratdik. Keyinroq biz ikkinchi qayiqni o'ldirishni tasdiqladik.

Biz, AQShning boshqa kemalari singari, bizning portimizga, samolyot va kvartallarga kirishni qabul qilardik. Bu turlarning eng yaqini 25-50 yard ichida bo'lgani uchun bizni parchalanishning bir qismi sochib yubordi. Bizda to'g'ridan -to'g'ri zarbalar yo'q edi. Men kema uchun manevrlarga buyurtma berib, to'quvni bajarayotganimda kapitan Anderson ko'prikning bir qanotidan ikkinchisiga o'tayotgan edi. Vaqti -vaqti bilan u: "Jimmining ahvoli qanday?" Men javob berardim: "Haqiqiy yaxshi kapitan". Bridge jamoasi a'zolari orasida energiya darajasi yuqori edi. I tried to remain calm and concentrated on the task at hand with incoming landing seemingly everywhere.

At 1337, about 1 ½ hours into the operation on the way out of the area, Buchanan reported being hit by incoming. The shell penetrated the superstructure between the aft gun mount and missile launcher and exploded in the middle of the damage control party killing Seaman Leonard R. Davis and slightly wounding seven other personnel. Damage was isolated. Leonard Davis had received the full impact of the incoming artillery blast.

Just before 1500, the ships were far enough from the coast to slow down and regroup. One thing was clear and that was these daytime strikes without air cover could be hazardous to your health. Mackenzie had fired nearly 350 rounds of 5-inch ammunition. Buchanan left for Da Nang for repairs and for transfer of Seaman Davis’ remains. The remainder of the ships regrouped for another raid that evening. And so it went.

I salute you Leonard Davis and I remember you this day and every day. You made the ultimate sacrifice.

The author is a retired career US Navy Surface Warfare Officer whose assignments at sea include duty in all Line Departments in the Destroyer and Auxiliary Forces up to and including command of a Frigate. Ashore he served in key national policy positions on the staff of the Chief of Naval Operations.


MacKenzie and the Forrestal Fire

MacKenzie and the Forrestal Fire

USS George K. MacKenzie Association

MacKenzie and the Forrestal Fire

“Oh shit!” was the Executive Officer’s reaction when he learned that the “boom” that he had just heard had come from the aircraft carrier off the port quarter, about six miles away. He was at the Ship’s Store when he heard the explosion, and asked the sailor in line behind him what the sound was.

Brian Moe, a Machinist’s Mate, was just outside the port door to the athwartships passageway at the aft end of the deck house. He pointed out the aircraft carrier that was the source of the sound, that now was showing bright orange flames and an enormous column of dense black smoke from pools of burning jet fuel, and was having additional explosions as a total of four one-thousand pound bombs exploded on the flight deck in the first minutes of the fire.1

USS Forrestal (CVA 59) was having a very bad day. A Zuni rocket on an F-4B Phantom had fired accidentally and struck an external fuel tank on an A-4E Skyhawk awaiting launch at 1052 on Saturday, 29 July 1967.2

USS George K. MacKenzie (DD 836) had been having a more benign day. They were six weeks into a six month cruise in the Western Pacific. It was their only six-month cruise in the decade of the 1960s. Not that they didn’t deploy. They would spend six and one-half years of that decade homeported in WestPac. But right now they were homeported in Long Beach, California.

They had just returned to Yankee Station after a short period supporting the Third Marine Division in I Corps. MacKenzie was operating with USS Oriskany (CVA 34) and USS Samuel N. Moore (DD 747) as Task Group 77.8.3

Operating with carrier groups on Yankee Station was a duty of intermediate intensity for a WestPac destroyer. Not as intense as direct combat on the North Vietnamese coast in Operation Sea Dragon, but more intense than picket duty on Search and Rescue station deeper in the Tonkin Gulf. Carrier duty involved operating in formation with the carrier at high speed and the accompanying frequent refueling, and required a relatively high degree of vigilance and readiness, since bad things could happen quickly. The main function was to serve as plane guard, following in the wake of the carrier, ready to rescue anyone unfortunate enough to go in the water.

Today MacKenzie had been in plane guard position behind Oriskany all morning, and things were apparently peaceful enough that the XO could take a trip to the Ship’s Store.

Forrestal Needs Assistance

Forrestal had already requested assistance, and MacKenzie had turned left to respond and increased speed to 30 knots. Ordinarily Forrestal would have two destroyers of her own nearby. She did have two destroyers, Rupertus (DD 851) flagship of Destroyer Division 32, and Henry W. Tucker (DD 875), another DesDiv 32 ship, operating with her as Task Group 77.6. But they weren’t both available.

Late during the midwatch this morning Forrestal had lost a man overboard. A helicopter was launched, found Seaman Kenneth Dyke and lowered a rescue chair. He had gotten in the chair, but as the chair was being hoisted he fell out and disappeared.

Rupertus and Tucker were assigned to search for him. When Forrestal began flight operations around 0600, Rupertus returned to serve as plane guard, while Tucker continued the search. So Tucker was not nearby when the fire began, and MacKenzie would be the next closest destroyer after Rupertus.

Rupertus observed the initial fire at 1053. Captain Burke assumed the conn, ordered all back full and launched their motor whaleboat. At 1055 they observed high order detonations sending equipment, planes and men over the side and went to General Quarters, leaving the whaleboat to retrieve survivors and proceeding to approach Forrestal through a wake filled with personnel, life jackets, fuel tanks, crates and other debris.5

MacKenzie Moves to Assist

On the way to Forrestal, MacKenzie stopped to pick up three survivors that had been recovered by Rupertus’ motor whaleboat. Captain Sherwin J. Sleeper assumed the conn at 1118, went to General Quarters at 1144, launched MacKenzie’s motor whaleboat at 1151 to pick up more survivors, embarked three more survivors at 1154 and proceeded to assist Forrestal with firefighting at 1155.

Destroyers’ Assistance Needed

Forrestal required firefighting assistance from destroyers because there were portions of the fire that could not be reached by Forrestal’s own fire parties. The destroyers were fast and maneuverable enough to put water on those fires. Captain John Beling of Forrestal gave the destroyers permission to move in as close as possible, but did not order them to do so. He left that decision, and that assumption of risk, to the destroyer commanding officers.6

Here the superstructure of George K. Mackenzie can be seen as the ship maintained station on the carrier starboard quarter and poured water onto sections of the fire that could not be reached by Forrestal’s firefighters.

The Risks of Steaming Alongside

Steaming alongside another ship is an inherently dangerous activity. The ships are within seconds of a collision at speed, which can be caused by any number of common occurrences: steering casualties, propulsion casualties, instrumentation casualties, human error, etc. MacKenzie had significant recent experience at steaming alongside. Since beginning this cruise six weeks earlier she had conducted sixteen underway replenishments, all of which involved steaming alongside another ship for an extended period.7

This was different. First, underway replenishment is conducted with a distance on the order of 100 feet between ships, closer when sea conditions are more benign, farther when conditions are more sporty. This firefighting would require maintaining station ten to forty feet off Forrestal.

Then there was the normal risk of steering or propulsion casualties, magnified on Forrestal. (In case you think that a flight deck fire would not affect steering, you might want to consider the fact that all three sailors in port after steering on Forrestal died in the fire, but not before, as their last act, transferring steering control to starboard after steering.)8

Added to this was the fact that Forrestal sailors were jettisoning anything they could, including bombs and whole aircraft, by pushing them over the side, requiring evasive maneuvers by the destroyers.9

And there was one more thing. Forrestal was on fire. With ordnance exploding. MacKenzie sailor John Martin remembers one of the jettisoned bombs detonating, covering Rupertus with smoke and spray.10

Aircraft carriers are different from other ships, so perhaps some preliminary description is in order for the benefit of destroyer sailors like myself.

The main deck of a carrier like Forrestal is the hangar deck. Everything above this deck could be considered superstructure, although it doesn’t look much like it. The aftermost part of the main deck is the fantail, like a conventional ship, aft of the superstructure and under the overhang of the flight deck. The flight deck is on the 04 level, four levels above the main deck. The hangar bays are three levels high. There is one full level of compartments between the ceiling of the hangar bays and the flight deck, the 03 level, called the gallery deck, which contains operational spaces amidships and berthing spaces at the fore and aft extremes. (Having a bunk directly beneath the arresting gear or the catapult would seem to be less than desirable, but that’s what is there). The 01 and 02 levels exist mostly forward and aft of the hangar bays.

Below the main deck the interior of the hull is conventional, with berthing, messing and office spaces on the second and third decks and engineering spaces, store rooms, tanks and magazines below.

The exterior of the hull has some additional aircraft carrier features. Because the flight deck is devoted to, well, flight, other functions requiring deck space, like weapon mounts, mooring, underway replenishment, boats, etc., have to be accommodated differently. They are accommodated by adding structures on the outside of the hull called sponsons. These provide small areas of deck at the main deck, 01 and 02 levels, and contain additional office, workshop and storage spaces.

The flight deck and the hangar deck are connected by four aircraft elevators, all at the edge of the flight deck. Elevator number one is forward of the island on the starboard side, number two is forward on the port side, both accessing hangar bay number 1. Elevator number three is aft of the island on the starboard side, accessing hangar bay number two, and elevator number four is further aft on the starboard side, accessing hangar bay number three.11

Forrestal’s starboard quarter after the fire, showing the fantail and the sponson supporting two 5’/54 gun mounts.12

Forrestal’s starboard quarter after the fire, showing the sponson and the forward of two 5’/54 gun mounts, aircraft crane and aircraft elevator number 4 accessing hangar bay number 3.13

The position of helmsman is conventionally considered part of the job of the Quartermaster rating, and the helmsman for General Quarters and Special Sea Details would be a senior Quartermaster. The enlisted billet description for a destroyer GQ helmsman when MacKenzie was commissioned called for a Quartermaster First Class.14

That’s not how it was done in MacKenzie in 1967. Quartermasters spent most of their time navigating, not steering. The helmsman, like the lee helmsman, the lookouts and most of the other sailors in the bridge watch were non-rated sailors or Petty Officers of other ratings.

In fact, many of the jobs in the manpower-intensive World War II destroyers were filled by first-term enlisted men, mostly non-rated. The two 5”/38 gun mounts required about 70 men, only a handful of whom were rated Gunner’s Mates. Similar situations existed in the fire rooms and engine rooms, the repair parties, etc.

The title for a non-rated man in the deck occupations was Seaman. Today they would have to demonstrate that this was more than just a name, but a description they had earned.

The General Quarters helmsman today was Seaman J. D. Bigham from Pickneyville, Illinois. He was 20 years old and had been on the ship for less than a year. He had come to the bridge watch from the deck force, and he had been assigned as GQ helmsman because he was good. His relief was Ricky Davis, a Torpedoman, an excellent helmsman and a frequent flyer at Captain’s mast.

The job of helmsman demands concentration. The helmsman must continuously scan the gyrocompass repeater, the magnetic compass, the rudder angle indicator and the outside, maintaining situational awareness and hearing, responding to and acknowledging the commands from the conning officer.

Keeping the ship on course is not a simple matter of pointing. There is a lag between a command and its execution, another lag between the movement of the helm and the movement of the rudder, another bigger lag between the movement of the rudder and the movement of the ship due to momentum and inertia.

Keeping the ship on a heading requires constant adjustment. The degree of precision required varies with the situation. Independent steaming in calm seas might tolerate a few degrees of variation around the intended course. Steaming in formation would require greater precision and therefor greater concentration. Steaming alongside during underway replenishment requires the greatest precision and concentration ordinarily experienced. Today would require unprecedented precision and concentration.

Precise control of speed is just as critical as steering. The engine order telegraph allows the conning officer the order the exact shaft rpm he desires, with adjustments as small as one rpm up or down. No automatic device makes this happen. Skilled throttlemen in each engineroom regulate the speed of their respective shaft manually, making continuous small adjustments to achieve the ordered rpm, while Boiler Technicians in each fire room manually control

their burners to maintain the required steam pressure. Most of these “hole snipes” are also young sailors in their first enlistments.

Fire hoses are manned by sailors in the General Quarters repair parties, composed of sailors from various departments and ratings. Today MacKenzie would deploy six fire hoses, three on the forecastle and three on the 01 level forward of the bridge. The smoke was intense enough that the hose crews required continuous relief, with men cycling from the rear of the hose to the nozzleman position, then taking a break.15

MacKenzie and Rupertus Alongside

In the first two minutes of the fire, long before either destroyer got near the Forrestal, four one-thousand pound bombs had exploded on the flight deck, created massive holes in the flight deck and creating shrapnel that the perforated compartments a great distance away from the explosions. For example, shrapnel had penetrated the port steering gear power room on the third deck under the fantail and injured all three sailors in the compartment, severing the arm of the electrician’s mate, penetrating the bottom of the ship and mangling the access to the compartment. Burning fuel was flowing into various compartments, spreading the fire and trapping men in various places.16

By 1129 Rupertus was on station 30 to 50 feet off Forrestal’s starboard quarter using fire hoses rigged on their foc’sle, torpedo deck and signal bridge to put water on burning aircraft on the flight deck aft of the island. At 1142 Rupertus moved to Forrestal’s port quarter, where they would continue fighting fires until 1309.17

Captain Sleeper brought MacKenzie up to Forrestal’s starboard quarter, dodging debris and survivors. By 1229 MacKenzie was maintaining station ten to forty feet off Forrestal’s starboard quarter at 15 knots.18 Areas that MacKenzie could reach included the fantail and the starboard quarter sponson, which included isolated decks on three levels containing two 5”/54 gun mounts, including magazines containing 5”/54 ammunition, and the boat and aircraft crane.

MacKenzie applied fire hoses to fires in those areas as Forrestal slowly changed course to port. Six fire hoses were manned, three on the forecastle and three on the 01 level forward of the bridge. An Associated Press newspaper story reported that four sailors on one of those isolated decks were saved by MacKenzie spraying water on them for an hour.19 MacKenzie sailors remember asking Forrestal sailors on the starboard sponson if they were going to jump. They said no, then waited until MacKenzie’s fire hoses had cooled the aircraft crane enough that they could climb up it to the flight deck.

Forrestal’s stern looking across from port to starboard showing MacKenzie on starboard quarter.20

At 1335 MacKenzie moved forward to put water on fires in Hangar Number 3.21 At this point MacKenzie was maneuvering adjacent to elevator number 4, the most extreme overhang on Forrestal, and the destroyer’s mast was within five feet of the edge of the elevator.22

At 1342 all fires on Forrestal were reported to be under control, although additional fires were reported throughout the afternoon and into the evening.23

At 1305 ComDesDiv 32 in Rupertus, acting as CTU 77.6.2, assumed tactical command of Rupertus, Tucker, Moore and MacKenzie as on scene search and rescue (SAR) commander.24

At 1343 Forrestal directed MacKenzie to break away, and MacKenzie increased speed to 27 knots, proceeded to retrieve the motor whaleboat, and

joined the SAR formation at 1503. Shortly thereafter MacKenzie left the SAR unit and returned to Oriskany.

The SAR unit was later augmented by the cruiser USS Saint Paul (CA 73) and destroyers Blue (DD 744), Barney (DDG 6) and Fecheteler (DD 870). Tucker was detached from the SAR unit to rejoin Forrestal. The SAR operation was terminated at 0231 on Sunday and Rupertus joined TG 77.8.25 A total of 47 men went overboard.26

MacKenzie Returns to Oriskany

MacKenzie rejoined Oriskany at 1615 as Oriskany was recovering her boats. At 1628 MacKenzie was sent back to Forrestal at 27 knots, transferring the six survivors to a helicopter two at a time and taking station on the port quarter of Forrestal again, this time to transfer firefighting foam and OBA canisters. At 2103 Mackenzie returned to station on Oriskany, who was following three miles astern of Forrestal.

USS Repose Arrives and Forrestal Departs

During the first watch Forrestal, Oriskany and escorts proceeded to rendezvous with the Hospital Ship Repose, who had come from the Danang area, and Forrestal’s dead and injured were transferred to Repose from 2253 Saturday to 1410 on Sunday. Forrestal then proceeded at 27 knots to Subic Bay, escorted by Henry W. Tucker and Baussel (DD 845).27

Just after noon on Sunday, MacKenzie detached from TG 77.8, refueled from USS Cacapon (AO 52), and proceeded to the vicinity of Quang Tri, South Vietnam for her next assignment.28

The balance of the six-month cruise included more naval gunfire support, more carrier operations and service in Operation Sea Dragon.

The Forrestal fire left 134 sailors dead and 161 injured. The dead are memorialized on panel 24E of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington DC. None of the casualties received the Purple Heart, because this event was considered an accident, not a combat action.29

Rear Adm. Harvey P. Lanham, Commander, Carrier Division Two, embarked in Forrestal, commended MacKenzie and Rupertus on the spot for “the most magnificent ship handling I’ve ever seen.”30

The Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation (MUC) award was established on July 17, 1967, just twelve days before the Forrestal fire, to recognize conduct by a unit that would merit the award of the Bronze Star Medal for an individual.31

MacKenzie and Rupertus each received the MUC for the Forrestal fire.32 The citation for MacKenzie’s MUC reads as follows:

The Secretary of the Navy takes pleasure in presenting the MERITORIOUS UNIT COMMENDATION to

USS GEORGE K. MACKENZIE (DD-836)

for service as set forth in the following

For meritorious achievement on 29 July 1967 in significantly contributing to .firefighting efforts during a major fire in USS FORRESTAL (CVA-59).

When the after area of FORRESTAL erupted into flames due to widespread fire from aircraft fuel and bomb explosions in armed aircraft which were about to be launched for a strike against North Vietnam. USS GEORGE K. MACKENZIE proceeded close aboard FORRESTAL and, in the face of extreme hazard, effectively streamed water on the raging fires and hot bulkheads of munitions spaces.

The team effort and alert professionalism of MACKENZIE’s crew contributed greatly in containing the fire and in saving lives.

By their gallant performance, the officers and men of MACKENZIE upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.


George K. MacKenzie DD-836 - History

3rd Korean Cruise

November 1952 - July 1953 Cruise Book

Bring the Cruise Book to Life with this Multimedia Presentation

This CD will Exceed your Expectations

A great part of naval history.

You would be purchasing an exact copy of the USS George K Mackenzie DD 836 cruise book during this time period. Each page has been placed on a CD for years of enjoyable computer viewing. The CD comes in a plastic sleeve with a custom label. Every page has been enhanced and is readable. Rare cruise books like this sell for a hundred dollars or more when buying the actual hard copy if you can find one for sale.

This would make a great gift for yourself or someone you know who may have served aboard her. Usually only ONE person in the family has the original book. The CD makes it possible for other family members to have a copy also. You will not be disappointed we guarantee it.

Some of the items in this book are as follows:

  • Ports of Call: Hawaii , Yokosuka , Sasebo , Nagasaki , Wonsan , Kaohsiung and Hong Kong .
  • Formosa Patrol
  • Task Force 77 (Korean War operations)
  • Divisional Group Photos with Names
  • Many Crew Activity Photos
  • Plus Much More

Over 145 Photos on Approximately 41 Pages.

Once you view this book you will know what life was like on this Destroyer during this time period.


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Reunion 2021?
The USS George K. MacKenzie Association planned a Reunion for October 2020 that we unfortunately had to cancel due to COVID-19. We still want to have our next Reunion as soon as we reasonably can. So we are very tentatively planning for our next reunion to be in October 2021 in the vicinity of Newport RI/Fall River MA.
Whether we will be able to accomplish this is uncertain. COVID-19 transmission will have to be under control, an outcome that cannot be predicted at this time. (“Predicting is very difficult, especially if it’s about the future.” Attributed to Niels Bohr, Yogi Berra, many others.) But we do want to be proactive.
So our very tentative, aspirational goal is to have a Reunion in October 2021 in the Newport RI/Fall River MA area. We will not attempt to make any further decisions about this until after the first of the year, and would hope to be able to make the contractual commitments by about March 2021, six months in advance of the event.
Please stay tuned, and feel free to share your thoughts.